Bergamot essential oil is made from the hand- or cold-pressed rind of a nearly ripe fruit of the bergamot tree, also known as the Citrus bergamia from the Rutaceae family. The bergamot orange tree is the result of the cross-breeding of the lemon tree and the orange tree,which explains its pear-like shape and yellow color
Although its roots can be traced back to South East Asia, bergamot was more widely cultivated in the Southern part of Italy, specifically in the coastal regions of Reggio di Calabria and Sicily. As a matter of fact, bergamot essential oil was named after the city of Bergamo in Lombardy, Italy, where it was originally sold. Bergamot is also produced in the Ivory Coast, Argentina, Morocco, Turkey, and Brazil.